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What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by an increase of the concentration of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and impaired glucose metabolism, lipids and proteins, or as a result of decreased insulin secretion or because of the decreased sensitivity of the body's cells to insulin.

Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and it is necessary for the transport of glucose derived from food, into the cells. When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced is not working properly, then the glucose derived from food does not enter the cells so that they have the necessary energy for their operation and remains in the blood thereby increasing the glucose levels and hence the appearance of the disease.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

  1. When the morning fasting glucose in two random measurements is 126 mg / dl and above (fasted for more than eight hours and the measurement to be done in a microbiological laboratory)
  2. When in a random measurement the glucose level is above 200 mg / dl in a person with symptoms of diabetes
  3. When in the examination of glucose curve, the glucose values two hours following the initial receipt of glucose is above 200 mg / dl.

Which are the symptoms of diabetes?

  • Intense thirst,
  • Frequent urination
  • Intense hunger that leads to overeating, but not necessarily to the increase of body weight.
  • Weakness / Haggardness
  • Blurred vision
  • Discomfort and itching in the genitals accompanied by an increased incidence of urinary tract infections and fungal infections of the genitals.

 

What is Glycemic index (GI)?

The Glycemic Index is a "tool" that can show us how quickly any food increases the glucose levels in the blood 2-3 hours after a meal. An index quite important for all people but especially for people with diabetes.

O Glycemic Index measures the quality of carbohydrates that we receive from our diet, on a scale from 0 to 100. This means that the GI is unchanged either we consume carbohydrate 1gr or 100gr.

Factors that influence the Glycemic Index of foods is the content of fibers, fat, maturation and preparation of the food.

It is recommended the consumption of foods with low or moderate Glycemic Index.

Food Classification Glycemic Index (GI)
Low GI ≤55
Moderate GI 56-69
High GI ≥70

 

 

What is Glycemic Load (GL)?

The Glycemic Load (GL) of food is a number that estimates how much the food will raise a person's blood glucose level after eating it. One unit of Glycemic Load approximates the effect of consuming one gram of glucose. Glycemic Load accounts for how much carbohydrate is in the food and how much each gram of carbohydrate in the food raises blood glucose levels. Glycemic Load is based on the Glycemic Index (GI), and is defined as the grams of available carbohydrate in the food times the food's GI.

It is the product of the GI / 100 x amount of carbohydrates (in grams) that has a food portion.

Eg the white bread has a GI of76. One slice of bread (30gr)has 15gr carbohydrate, so 30gr bread’s glycemic load = 76/100 x 15 = 11.

What vitamins are?

Vitamins are organic compounds necessary for the normal function of the human body. It is important to get vitamins from food, because the human body either does not produce sufficient quantity, or in some cases none at all. Vitamins are the cornerstone for most metabolic processes.

Without their presence many biochemical reactions in the human body would not be possible or they would become very slow and irregular.

Vitamins are necessary for the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. They are responsible for the synthesis of hormones and enzymes.They strengthen the immune system of the body; regulate development, and finally they have an important role in the normal function of the nervous system.

Do food supplements contain sugar?

There are food supplements that contain sugar and other food supplements that do not contain sugar.

The food supplements that do not contain sugar they state on the packaging the phrase “Does not contain sugar".

All the food supplements of the Harmonium Pharma product line that you will find in the"diabetic corner" are specially developed for people with diabetes and do not contain sugar.

Are food supplements suitable for people with diabetes?

A food supplement is suitable for people with diabetes since it states on the packaging the phrase "suitable for people with diabetes".

All the food supplements of the Harmonium Pharma product line that you will find in the "diabetic corner" are specially developed for people with diabetes. Therefeore, are “suitable for people with diabetes” and “do not contain sugar”.

Are vitamins fattening?

Vitamins, minerals and trace elements are found in almost all food we put on our table, but in different proportions. These are substances that do not contain calories, yet they are necessary for the smooth conduct of our organization's basic functions:

  • They have no calories.
  • They play a regulative role in various chemical reactions of either synthesis, or decompositions of the 3 basic components of our diet: proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
  • They work as "catalysts" accelerating or slowing down the biological reactions of the body.
  • They interfere with the metabolism process by controlling and directing the exercising setup on anabolic and catabolic reactions, which together make up the metabolism.
  • When combined with each other and with antioxidants they provide full protection to the body.

 

 

 

What are free radicals?

Free radicals are substances (electrically charged atoms or molecules). High levels of free radicals in the body are considered harmful and dangerous.

Air pollution, solar radiation, smoking, long term stress, poor diet and drug abuse cause oxidation in the cells, promoting the creation of free radicals

Increased production of free radicals disrupts the proteins of the cells by changing the morphology and identity. It can rupture cell membranes resulting in premature cell death or dangerous mutations. Many studies and clinical trials have establishes  that free radicals are associated with the appearance and increasing frequency of heart disease, cancer, cataracts, chronic arthritis, multiple sclerosis, aging skin and general premature aging of the body.

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